Domestic Violence Awareness Month

Updated: Oct 29, 2021

By Paula Anderson

On Saturday, Oct. 23, Paula Anderson Coaching and Consulting (™), LLC hosted a panel discussion on Domestic Violence Awareness Month. The topic was healthy relationships.

The panelists were Mia Earl, certified reflexologist; Dr. Clay Culp, licensed clinical social worker; Keith Well, licensed marriage and family therapist; and Essa Wallace, outreach advocate.

Each panelist was asked questions about the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study, Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) and the psychology of fear in domestic violence.

Dr. Clay Culp, licensed clinical social worker, shared the types of domestic violence.

Domestic violence also called “intimate partner violence” occurs between people who are in an intimate relationship. Domestic violence can be physical, emotional, sexual, economic or psychological according to the Mayo Clinic.

Keith Wells, licensed marriage and family therapist, talked about showing love according to the book - The Five Love Languages which explains ways to love your partner, spouse or significant other.

Research shows that the impact of childhood abuse can impact adults later in life.

In 1995, Kaiser Permanente in San Diego conducted a research study called Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE). "A medical questionnaire captured demographic and biopsychosocial information, review of organ systems, previous medical diagnoses and family medical history (Felitti, 1998) and was sent out to health plan members."

The study was designed to measure the impact of “childhood abuse and exposure to forms of household dysfunction” (p.246).

A total of 13,494 Kaiser Health Plan Members were surveyed and after a second survey, a 70.

5 percent response rate (9,508/13,494) was collected.

Self-care is one of the ways to help individuals manage challenging situations.

Mia Earl, certified reflexologist, shared the benefits of self-care. Earl suggested taking a walk and warm bath for self-care.

According to the Mayo Clinic, "several studies indicate that reflexology may reduce pain and psychological symptoms, such as stress and anxiety, and enhance relaxation and sleep. Given that reflexology is also low risk, it can be a reasonable option if you're seeking relaxation and stress relief."

One of the topics discussed was Social Determinants of Health (SDoH). According to the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA), these are factors that affect daily life activities such as "economic stability, education access and quality, social and community context, health care access and quality, and neighborhood and built environment"(

Essa Wallace, outreach advocate said, " SDOH greatly influence the trajectory of our lives, with the proper supports/treatments they can be managed and overcome."

To learn more about Domestic Violence resources, contact a behavioral health professional or visit


Felitti, V. J., Anda, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., Edwards, V., ... & Marks, J. S. (2019). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The adverse childhood experiences (ACE) study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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